[photo, Frederick Douglass statue, Holmes Hall, Morgan State University, Baltimore, Maryland]
  • 10,000 B.C. - 1599
  • 1600 - 1699
  • 1700 - 1799
  • 1800 - 1899
  • 1900 - 1999
  • 2000 -
  • Frederick Douglass (1817-1895) statue (1956), by James E. Lewis, Holmes Hall, Morgan State University, Baltimore, Maryland, August 2003. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.

    Douglass was born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey in Talbot County on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, February 1817. Although a slave, he escaped north and became an abolitionist and champion of universal suffrage.

    10,000 B.C. - 1599

    c. 10,000 B.C. First humans arrived by this date in the land that would become Maryland.

    c. 8,000 B.C Ice Age animals, including the Mammoths, became extinct.

    c. 3,750 B.C. Deer and turkey became an important food sources.

    c. 2,000 B.C. Advanced fishing techniques introduced, including net weights. Also, roasting platforms used for cooking fish.

    c. 1,500 B.C. Oysters became an important food source.

    c. 1,000 B.C Native-American introduction of pottery; seed plants became an important food source.

    c. 800 A.D. Native-American introduction of domestic plants; bow and arrow came into use.

    c. 1000 A.D. Permanent Native-American villages established.

    1498. John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) (c.1450-1499), Venetian navigator and explorer, sailed along Eastern Shore off present-day Worcester County.*

    *The Juan de la Cosa map of the world (1500) indicated that Cabot, the only explorer sailing the North American coast at that time under the British flag, may have coasted as far south as Cape Hatteras.

    1524. Giovanni da Verrazano (1485-1528), Florentine explorer, led expedition that passed mouth of Chesapeake Bay, and explored lower Eastern Shore.

    1562. Diego Gutiérrez, a Spanish cartographer, was the first person to depict the Chesapeake Bay, what he called the Bahia de Santa Maria, on a map.

    1572. Pedro Menendez de Aviles, Spanish governor of Florida, explored Chesapeake Bay.

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